Ozone as a Safer and Greener Alternative to Pesticides

by Nahed Msayleb The use of pesticides to control plant diseases that live in the soil affects beneficial microorganisms that are necessary for nutrients to circulate and hence limits soil fertility. Accordingly, the need for more eco-friendly ways to control plant diseases is growing. A potential alternative to the synthetic pesticides that deplete soil biodiversity and…

A view from Space: using satellites to manage water

by Mcebisi Mkhwanazi For decades, satellite imagery has been used for environmental monitoring, with water management being one of the areas of application. For example, many are familiar with the Landsat images showing Lake Chad in Africa shrinking over the years. Now satellites are used for more than just providing visual images. This paper discusses…

What can data science tell us about influenza?

by Gabriela Cybis For most people, catching the flu is a common minor inconvenience: they get a bad headache, maybe a fever, sore throat, cough, sometimes they will miss a day or two of work and be miserable at home for a while. But after a few days it is back to business as usual.  Most…

Can a small fish answer the big question?

by Kirill Vinnikov Most of the islands in the Central Pacific are very young in comparison with continental landmasses. They began to develop deep in the ocean through active volcanic processes and eventually emerged above the water creating completely new habitats for different types of organisms. How numerous species of plants and animals colonized these novel…

How will East Africa address its food crisis?

by Saul Daniel Ddumba Over decades, food production in East Africa has been affected by a changing climate, limited use of fertilizers and pest control, inadequate food storage facilities and complex marketing channels that together have led to chronic malnutrition, hunger and poverty (Figure 1). We are also uncertain about how future changes in climate will…

Stopping global food waste might be harder than you think

By Alexandra Heeney Do you usually buy your groceries in a single shopping trip each week? Are there large stacks of fruit and vegetables on display at the grocery stores you frequent? Do you compost your food scraps? Do you frequently forget to eat leftovers before they’ve gone bad? Do you eat meat? If so,…