Latest Entries
Why Supermassive Black Holes Are Hard to See and How to See Them
February 2015

Why Supermassive Black Holes Are Hard to See and How to See Them

by Mislav Baloković Many different observations over the past few decades have shown that a very massive black hole, weighing between a million and a billion times more than a typical star such as our Sun, lies at the center of virtually every normal galaxy. To distinguish them from stellar black holes, which are typically … Continue reading

Ozone as a Safer and Greener Alternative to Pesticides
January 2015

Ozone as a Safer and Greener Alternative to Pesticides

by Nahed Msayleb The use of pesticides to control plant diseases that live in the soil affects beneficial microorganisms that are necessary for nutrients to circulate and hence limits soil fertility. Accordingly, the need for more eco-friendly ways to control plant diseases is growing. A potential alternative to the synthetic pesticides that deplete soil biodiversity and … Continue reading

A view from Space: using satellites to manage water
December 2014

A view from Space: using satellites to manage water

by Mcebisi Mkhwanazi For decades, satellite imagery has been used for environmental monitoring, with water management being one of the areas of application. For example, many are familiar with the Landsat images showing Lake Chad in Africa shrinking over the years. Now satellites are used for more than just providing visual images. This paper discusses … Continue reading

Building with Lego: An Intuitive Understanding of the Art of Creating Molecules that Target Diseases
November 2014

Building with Lego: An Intuitive Understanding of the Art of Creating Molecules that Target Diseases

by Hai Dao In June 2009, when the World Health Organization declared the A/H1N1 influenza a “pandemic”, governments around the world stockpiled Tamiflu. Oseltamivir, the active substance of Tamiflu, suddenly switched from being an esoteric term to being a central topic of social media around the world. Five years later, in October 2014, as the … Continue reading

On the State of the Species: pushing ahead in the race against infectious diseases
October 2014

On the State of the Species: pushing ahead in the race against infectious diseases

by Charles de Bourcy Lush is the diversity of life forms on Earth, unrelenting their struggle for survival. From the fluorescent pygmy scorpion hiding in tree bark to an underwater feeding frenzy in front of the island of Nusa Lembongan, all observations on our naturalist expedition to the Malay Archipelago in August 2014, led by Rob … Continue reading

Can a small fish answer the big question?
October 2014

Can a small fish answer the big question?

by Kirill Vinnikov Most of the islands in the Central Pacific are very young in comparison with continental landmasses. They began to develop deep in the ocean through active volcanic processes and eventually emerged above the water creating completely new habitats for different types of organisms. How numerous species of plants and animals colonized these novel … Continue reading